Men should get to know what is normal for them – size, shape and structure of testicles.
TSE is the easiest way to identify testicular problems or testicular cancer. It only takes a few minutes and is best carried out after a bath or shower when the scrotum is warm and relaxed. This should be done at least once a month.
How should a man check himself? He should roll each testicle between his thumb and forefinger to check that the surface is free of lumps and bumps. If he feels a lump or swelling, he should see his GP. It probably won’t be testicular cancer but it should be checked to rule testicular cancer out. Some types of testicular cancer can spread quickly so don’t delay going to the doctors. If your doctor is unsure why you have a lump/swelling, they will usually request an ultrasound scan of the scrotum.
It’s worth knowing that the epididymis (sperm collecting tube) which runs behind each testicle can often be mistaken for an abnormal lump.