Surgery to remove an affected testicle is called orchidectomy. It is a simple procedure and normally takes about half an hour.
A prosthetic testicle can be inserted in place of the cancerous testicle. These are silicone implants that can be inflated with salt water. They come in various sizes and can be of great psychological value. Men who are unsure of whether they want an implant or not can have the procedure performed at a later date if they wish.
Problems with surgery may include…
- Scar tissue forming around the implant, inside the scrotum
- Rupture of the implant due to vigorous activities such as contact sport, cycling or physical contact including sexual intercourse.
- The implant can move.
- A prosthetic testicle will not react to temperature like a normal one and will stay the same size.
Men may also be offered the possibility of sperm storage before surgery.
If testicular cancer is confined to the testicle no further except a strict policy of surveillance may be needed. If testicular cancer has spread outside of the testicle treatment will consist of chemotherapy.