Over Easter, for some of you lucky people, you will have enjoyed glorious sunshine boosting your intake of Vitamin D! You might have worked in your garden or been out and about and got sun burnt, because you didn’t think the sun was strong enough for you to put sun cream on. This is a good time to be aware and start thinking about skin protection as summer is on its way!
An article in the BBC News says there’s a rise in skin cancer cases since the 1970s. Cancer Research UK reveals more than 13,000 people are diagnosed with malignant melanoma each year. In the mid 1970s, it was around 1,800 people, meaning around 3 people in every 100,000 had it. Now it is around 17 people in every 100,000.
Malignant melanoma is the fifth most common cancer in the UK. More than 2,000 people die from it every year. What is malignant melanoma? It’s the most serious type of skin cancer and it can spread to other parts of the body if left untreated.
One of the reasons for the increase is that more people take holidays to Europe. Another reason is that more people use sunbeds. The overexposure to UV rays is the main cause of skin cancer.
People who have pale skin, red or fair hair, light-coloured eyes, lots of moles or freckles, a history of sunburn or a family history of malignant melanoma are more at risk of developing the cancer.
Follow the good sun safety habits both at home and abroad, and you will reduce your risk of developing malignant melanoma. Cover up with a t-shirt or similar top, spend some time in the shade, and use sun cream with good UVA protection and SPF 15 (or higher).
If you get sun burnt, it is a sign that the DNA of your skin cells have been damaged, which can lead to skin cancer. If you are worried about any changes in your skin, especially if your moles get bigger, please visit your doctor as soon as possible, because the earlier you are diagnosed and treated, the better your chances of surviving. Don’t worry, not all moles are dangerous, but it is important to get them checked if they look bigger or different compared to normal.
Remember, even if the sun doesn’t seem to be strong, it is important for you to take good care of your skin and put on sun cream/face cream with SPF 15 or higher whenever you are out and about.
Image Credit: Robert S. Donovan
On Monday 31st March 2014, Deaf health was discussed in the House of Lords following the launch of our Sick Of It report.
Unfortunately, Deaf people couldn’t access the debate because a BSL interpreter and Speech to Text services were not provided. The debate was about Deaf people, so Deaf people must know what was said. We have made summary BSL videos (not translations) to inform you about what happened, you can also read about it here in our plain English version.
- Watch the first speaker, Lord Ponsonby in BSL here.
- Watch the second speaker, Lord Borwick in BSL here.
- Watch the third speaker, Lord Addington in BSL here.
- Watch the fourth speaker, Baroness Howe in BSL here.
- Watch the fifth speaker, Lord Hunt, in BSL here.
Final speaker, Baroness Jolly, answers all the speaker’s questions.
Question 4 Part 1
Question 4 Part 2
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) say more people should be offered statins to reduce their cholesterol levels.
What is cholesterol? Cholesterol is a substance found in the body. It is waxy and like fat. Too much cholesterol in the blood causes ‘fatty deposits’.
What are fatty deposits? A build up of cholesterol. Fatty deposits make arteries narrow, potentially causing heart attacks and strokes.
What are statins? Statins are medicine that lower blood levels of cholesterol. They block an enzyme (in the liver) that is involved in producing ‘bad’ cholesterol. Statins help maintain a healthy supply of blood to the brain. They can help reduce cancer of the gullet (throat).
What are enzymes? Enzymes are in the body and help the body to do things faster. For example, enzymes in the stomach help breakdown food faster so that the food can quickly change and be used as energy.
What are the problems with statins? Statins can cause muscle weakness, diabetes and depression, and erectile dysfunction in men.
How can you lower your cholesterol without taking statins? Have a healthy lifestyle. Exercise for 150 minutes (or more) per week. Avoid foods with high saturated fat: meat pies, sausages, butter, cream and eat lots of fruit and vegetables. If you’re not sure what fruit and veg to eat, or how much, read our blog post Carrots, Apples, Bananas, How Much Fruit and Veg Should You Eat?